Interview Giorgio Trucchi: The Socio-Political Processes of Mesoamerica in the Context of the Honduras Coup d’État


Giorgio Trucchi, correspondent for Rel-UITA in Central America, is a researcher and journalist who has followed the sociopolitical processes in the region for over 20 years.

He considers that the Honduras Coup d’Etat wasn’t only a coup against President Zelava and his supposed, albeit never proven intent to be re-elected (the Constitution prohibits reelection), but against the process of unity and integration in Latin America, the peoples and their most important instrument, ALBA (of which Honduras was part of). In addition, Honduras was a Laboratory which served the purpose of fine-tuning new milder coups and so we have seen in the following years in Paraguay, Equator and Bolivia (considered failed attempts), in Brazil and in the destabilizing attacks against Venezuela, Cuba and Nicaragua, which has also contributed to the political-military repositioning of the USA in the Mesoamerican region.

For Trucchi, those were very intense moments of much mobilization and citizenship participation, where it was seen as a real possibility that the people in resistance could spontaneously make history with their own hands, rebuilding a country through a constituent process emerged from the people themselves. Those were months in which everything was possible and civil society organizations, social, popular and political movements, trade unions, students and the population as a whole knew how to put aside their differences and unite for a common objective, shaking national elitist groups. He considers it was an extremely enriching professional and human experience.

Giorgio reiterates that Honduras was a laboratory to study and fine-tune new forms less violent and bloody than those of the past century to perform a Coup d’Etat to governments not aligned with the policies of Washington and also shared and share an idea that in Latin America it is possible to have other kinds of political, economic and social relations and exchange between nations and peoples. This was the beginning of a series of attacks growing stronger against progressive and left governments, where the instruments of criminalization and judicialization have been perfected to end those experiences of exchange. It was also the beginning of a new offensive against the peoples and organized movements, as well as international stances such as UNASUL, CELAC, ALBA, Petrocaribe, which promote the integration and development of Latin America and the Caribbean, positioning themselves as an alternative to the Ministery of Colonies (OEA).

In his opinion, social movements continue to play a fundamental role in terms of proposing a different model than the one imposed by the world’s imperial forces. In Honduras, this has gained depth after the Coup d’Etat since this coup was an extreme measure to impose neoliberalism, labor precariousness, privatization and extractivism, additionally to erase any attempt to search for a new model, where the social organizations and the peoples would perform an extremely important role in defending the land and common goods.

He finishes by saying that: “If in Honduras nowadays they have had to resort to electoral fraud, corruption, blackmail, repression and murders, such as Berta Cáceres to remain in power, it’s because the coup also raised antibodies important in society and a significant mobilization both in the political and social levels.”

This publication has been produced with the financial support of the European Union. The contents of this publication are the sole responsibility of Jubilee South Brazil Institute and Jubilee South / Americas and can in no way be taken to reflect the views of the European Union.

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