Podcast: Our fighting organizations and their actions against the pandemic: The Caribbean

Don´t miss our most recent Podcast!

In this episode our comrade Yazmin Bittencourt from Brazil inform us about the actions of solidarity and resistance of the civil organizations of the Caribbean. Because we #Thepeoplearetherealprotagonists. #LiveBeforeDebt

Stay informed and follow us for more at: https://protagonismo.jubileosuramericas.net/#

 

 

 

 

Interview: Sandra Quintela – Honduras: 10 years after the coup

#HONDURAS10AÑOSDELUCHAS
#GOLPEDEESTADO2009
#HONDURASRESISTE

Sandra Quintela, Brazilian economist, member of Jubilee South Brazil, shares with us her perceptions on the implications of 10 years since the Coup d’État  in Honduras.

Secretary JS/A: Do you consider that this fact produced changes in the scenario of the Latin American region? What kind of changes?

Sandra: 10 years after the institutional coup in Honduras, performed in 2009, there have been changes which many of us haven’t been able to fully understand. The Haiti coup in 2004, preceded by the Venezuela coup attempt in 2002, then the coup in Paraguay in 2012, followed by the unimaginable coup Brazil suffered in 2016, have deepened a democratic loss agenda in a brutal manner.

The growing process of militarization, criminalization and judicialization of human rights defenders is a reality both in Honduras and Brazil, as well as in the countries where these defenders are most murdered.

The attacks on Garifuna’s territories, indigenous people and peasants through infrastructural advances such as roads, ports, airports, dams and so on to make sure to introduce large mining projects, oil extraction, monoculture of palm, soy or anything else, mass tourism through resorts and luxury hotels; all of this contributes for the policy of institutional coups in this region, establishing a faster and broader development of the capitalist model.

I would highlight the women situation, because the feminicide increases in the region. It’s no causality the brutal murder of Berta Cáceres in Honduras and Marielle Franco in Brazil, among other cases. The domestic violence is another indicator of the increasing scenario of violence. Latin American women remain at the forefront of territorial fights in rural and urban areas.

Secretary JS/A: From your perspective, what is the relation between the model of coup impositions and the social, political and economic conditions in your country?

Sandra: The institutional framework of human rights is completely compromised these days. That has a lot to do with the conjecture the institutional coups allow. Several privatization projects have been installed, such as energy, water, social security, education, forests, etc., this occurred in most of the countries in Latin America. The loss of sovereignty is visible in many of these countries. In Argentina, as an example, the loans from FMI – National Monetary Fund – are approximately US$ 57 billion, these loans have trapped this Nation’s future, with no possibility of deciding which path to go through, since the compromises of debt payment alter National Budgets and can’t fulfill citizens’ real needs.

Colombia’s situation, not only with nine new military bases in the United States, bus also the murder of militants every day given a large dispute for natural resources and a societal project. Neither Colombia nor Argentina have suffered institutional coups, but the coups in Brazil and Paraguay in South America have given way to an impunity atmosphere which frees the bourgeoisie to do whatever it wants, in particular against the wishes of the people, of workers who feel life becomes harder to live every day with poverty and misery knocking at their door.

Secretary JS/A In your opinion, what is the role of social organizations in these scenarios?

Sandra: It’s an incredibly important challenge to social organizations these days to ask themselves: where did we make so many mistakes? How couldn’t we look to concrete cases, such as Haiti, Honduras and Paraguay, and see that this could’ve extended to a country such as Brazil, the eighth economy of the world?

The fate of this region depends largely on the path chosen by central countries, given the large complexity of their economy, size of their population and territory. To Mesoamerica, the road in which Mexico has direct influence, such as their policy in migration, exportation, agricultural production, etc. In South America, Brazil, Argentina and Venezuela somewhat orient the socioeconomical development of this sub-region.

If we look south, we encounter a rather complex situation. In Argentina and Brazil, with extreme right wing movements, the Venezuelan crisis and possibility of new coups can generate a disseminated political instability in the region. In other words, what happens today in Honduras and Haiti could be expanded to this sub-region. In the case of Mesoamerica, the paths Mexico will follow have to be overseen with caution. Could Mexican government be an ally to the crisis in Honduras and Haiti? How do civil society organizations of this country generate influence so that an ally can be formed while facing the violent policies of the USA in this region? The challenges are multiple. Through the strengthening of basis work, but also in the construction of alliances in national and regional territories. The situation in Latin America and the Caribbean demands a rather large effort from this part of the world. We will need everyone, tactic and strategic alliances with a diversity of influences in the region!

 

This publication has been produced with the financial support of the European Union. The contents of this publication are the sole responsibility of Jubilee South Brazil Institute and Jubilee South / Americas and can in no way be taken to reflect the views of the European Union.

 

Interview Jorge Montijo: 10 Years After the Coup d’état, its implications and how it affects the entire Latin American region

#HONDURAS10AÑOSDELUCHAS
#GOLPEDEESTADO2009
#HONDURASRESISTE

Jorge Montijo, Puerto Rican fellow of an Organization which integrates COMUNA Caribe, members of Jubilee South/Americas, shares his ideas about the implications of ten years since the coup in Honduras.

Secretariat JS/A: Do you consider that this fact produced changes in the scenario of the Latin American region? What kind of changes?

Jorge: The Coup d’Etat in Honduras coincided with external politics in the new USA government to maintain their leadership of the world in general and particularly in Latin America. With the repression of a popular movement in Honduras through their tacit support of the coup, the USA gave their approval to the strong hand against popular and protesting movements, as well as against the region’s critical journalism.

It’s important to point out that the socioeconomic structures that characterize the Honduran State never allowed the establishment of a popular and participative democracy. By nipping the timid efforts of democratization proposed by Mel Zelaya’s government though a coup, the USA gave the  green light to oligarchy of neighbouring countries to keep  control similarly. This policy promoted in Honduras affects the whole region and hit like a bucket of cold water against the most progressive movements of every country in Central and Latin America. Popular organizations can be repressed with impunity, dissident voices can be silenced by force and internal oligarchies are strengthened at the service of the USA interests.

And although the disorganization of the Honduran Left was appointed as a “cause” for the relative weakness of popular forces against the Right attacks, it is necessary to take into account that, throughout all of the past century until now, the USA has supported national oligarchies both in the genocide massacres as well the selective decapitation of the Left’s leaderships. To give an example closer to us in time and space, this policy of selective murder of popular and leftists leaders was practiced under balaguerism in Dominican Republic between 1966 and 1978, when a whole generation of fighters was liquidated. In the same way, Berta Cáceres is murdered in Honduras in 2016 together with several activists and critical journalists. Everywhere the best leaderships have been killed, trying to harm the attempts to create organized popular mobilizations.

In conclusion, it’s important to point out that not only in Honduras the involvement of the oligarchy with drug trafficking creates a climate of generalized violence that, along with climate disasters promotes a gigantic migration wave in the region. If there isn’t a radical change in the government of these countries, it’s predictable that in the next few decades there will be an exponential increase of migration flow. The resurgence of anti-migrants policies in countries of larger economic development, in this case the USA and Mexico, creates the possibility of a grave humanitarian regional crisis.

Secretary JS/A: In your perspective, what is the relation between the model of coup impositions and the social, political and economic conditions in your country?

Jorge: Puerto Rico is a classic colony under the domination of the USA, so this Coup d’Etat model doesn’t apply directly to us. In our case, the “coup” is our supposed limited sovereignty under the so-called Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, through the laws approved in the Congress of the USA. The most nefarious one, sarcastically named the PROMESA Law, creates a Fiscal Council elected by the Congress, which like the General Captains of Spanish colonization in the 19th Century, has omnipotent powers over the State of Puerto Rico. While the American support in the Honduras Coup d’Etat is a underhanded foreign intervention, in Puerto Rico they unmasked before the world their most important and lucrative colony. Aside from that, as is known, Puerto Rico continues to serve as spearhead in attacks and military interventions against the people of Latin America, Central America and the Caribbean.

Secretary JS/A In your opinion, what is the role of social organizations in these scenarios?

Jorge: The great problem of popular movements in every country is the lack of coordination between the groups and organizations. As it was explained in the first answer, in many of our countries the leaderships of movements have been destroyed by the oligarchy and empire. Saying this is like when it rains it pours, but social movements are obligated to search for alliances and converging points to face their common enemy.

To achieve that, it’s essential to set aside internal struggles. Like Fanon said, the colonial oppression creates struggles within brothers, the horizontal dislocation of violence. Fanon was a psychiatrist and, unfortunately the leaders of popular and leftist movements have an issue of denial when it comes to receiving help from the sciences of behavior to minimize the psychological resistance to truthfully progressive changes. This contrasts with the oligarchy disposition and capitalist power to use this knowledge in order to facilitate hegemony.

Popular organizations have to promote a culture of openness and democracy within themselves. Only this way internal struggles can be resolved in a satisfactory manner and a more effective message to the population against hegemonic ideology can be given. If we assimilate to our oppressors taking on authority and antidemocratic roles in our own organizations, nobody will want to join our fight.

 

This publication has been produced with the financial support of the European Union. The contents of this publication are the sole responsibility of Jubilee South Brazil Institute and Jubilee South / Americas and can in no way be taken to reflect the views of the European Union.